1. A researcher makes the following statement at a conference: in our study, we examined whether the quality of light has an effect on the rate of vertical growth in tomato plants. Is this statement a hypothesis or a prediction? Briefly justify your answer.
2. What is the independent variable in the statement provided in question #1? Briefly explain why.
3. At that same conference, the researcher provides the following statement: In our experiments, we expect that tomato plants grown under red light will grow taller than tomato plants grown under green light. Is this statement a hypothesis or a prediction? Briefly explain your answer.
4. According to the phylogeny shown below, choose all the options that indicate a monophyletic group (attached)